Be conscious about hazard perception test, theory test

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Published: 08th April 2010
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In Great Britain theory test is administered by the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) and in Northern Ireland by the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA).



The car and motorcycle theory test lasts 57 minutes and involves answering 50 multiple-choice questions about a wide range of & driving topics, such as car or bike mechanics, the Highway Code and driving law. 43 of the 50 questions must be answered correctly in order to pass. For lorries and buses 60 questions are asked over a 70 minute period in which 51 out of 60 must be answered correctly to pass.



It is immediately followed by a hazard perception test. Having passed these two exams, a certificate is issued, which can then be used to book the practical driving test within two years of the theory pass. It is necessary to pass all three parts, theory, hazard perception and practical, in order to obtain a driving license.



The theory test was last revised on the 3rd September 2007 to include 50 questions (with a pass mark of 43), instead of the previous 35.



Hazard perception test



Examinees watch fourteen one-minute clips filmed from the perspective of a car driver and have to indicate, usually by clicking a mouse button or touching the screen, when they observe a developing hazard. All of the clips will include one developing hazard, and one will include two such hazards.



The sooner an examinee reacts to a developing hazard, the more points are scored, from five down to one, with no score if the examinee reacts too late. The maximum score possible is 75.For the purposes of the test, a "developing hazard is defined as something which requires the driver to adjust speed and/or direction. Potential hazards are hazards that no immediate action needs to be taken, but are worth observing in case their status changes.



Clicking on potential hazards is acceptable, but the scoring window only opens if that hazard develops, thus examinees have to remember to react if the status of a hazard changes, and not just when the potential hazard is first spotted.



The hazard perception test and the theory test are taken together and must both be passed in the same sitting for the applicant to become elligible to take the practical driving test in order to obtain a full driving licence.



Practical driving test



A practical driving test is a test which United Kingdom learner drivers must pass to obtain a driving licence. Different tests are available for users of different vehicles, from car drivers, to motorcyclists and HGV drivers. In Great Britain it is administered by the Driving Standards Agency (DSA) and in Northern Ireland by the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA). It is necessary to have passed a UK driving theory test and a UK hazard perception test before sitting this exam. Passing this test then entitles one to hold a full UK driving licence.



Practical driving test format



The practical test is taken on the road, with the examiner directing the candidate around a pre-determined (but unknown to the candidate) route. The examiner marks the candidate for driving faults (commonly called minor faults or minors), serious faults, and dangerous faults (collectively referred to as major faults or majors). A candidate will fail the test if he or she accumulates any major faults, or more than fifteen minors.



If a candidate acquires several (three or more) driving faults in the same category, the examiner may consider the fault a recurring and dangerous habit and mark a serious fault in that category. The test usually lasts 30 to 48 minutes in a standard test, or one hour when the candidate is taking a test after having their licence revoked.



Feature of theory test



  • Driving theory test questions will increase




  • No. of questions in the exam currently 35 will increase to 50




  • Pass mark will be 43




  • Allotted time to complete test will be 57 min






Recognition of available clues and perception of danger are skills that are necessary in all drivers and riders, irrespective of the vehicle used. For this reason, the same version of the hazard perception test is used for all categories of test.

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